Russian NMs

Below are listed the Russian stations which already contribute (or are ready to contribute) their data to NMDB:

Now the world network of neutron monitors totals about 50 operating stations, including 14 continuously working Russian cosmic ray stations. The history of CR variation in Russia started still in 1944, in the hard years of the SWW.

Even at that time the founder and first director of IZMIRAN N.V. Pushkov considered that fundamental studies and complex observations of various parameters are necessary for the objective and qualitative prognosis of solar-terrestrial phenomena. When planning the new complex of magneto-ionosphere stations the list of necessary supervision included also solar and cosmic ray observations.

Significant expansion of CR investigation took place in the IGY period - International Geophysical Year (1957-58), and after that tens Cosmic Ray stations started to operate around the globe. Since that time was already understandable that NM observations provide valuable information about heliospheric and solar processes, but to extract this information the data from as many as possible NMs distributed by longitude and latitude have to be used.

The Russian stations cover an extensive area of the Earth: from 78°N and 67°S-polar latitudes (Barenzburg and Mirny) up to 43°N (6.4 GV) - Baksan; from 14°E (Barenzburg) up to 180° (Cape Shmidt-CAPS), scanning more than half the celestial sphere by longitude. Almost all russian NMs have a long time of continuous observations and equipped by registration system allowing data updating with one-minute resolution. That's why we try to incorporate all possible stations to the NMDB feeding.